Full Tashahhud or Attahiyat with English Transliteration & Translation

The Tashahhud (التَّشَهُّدَ) is an arabic word which literally means 'testimony' or 'witness' and it is also known by another name called at-tahiyyat (التَّحِيَّاتُ) which literally means 'greeting' or 'salutation'. It is recited when a person sits or kneels down during second rakah or last rakah of the prayer (salah). It contains salutation or greetings to The God (Allah) and sending peace and blessings upon The Prophet Mohammad(pbuh) and upon all the righteous slaves of Allah and is followed by two testimonials.

attahiyat in english,tashahhud dua, attahiyat dua
Tashahhud or Attahiyat in English

    Tashahhud or Attahiyat Dua


    التَّحِيَّاتُ لِلّٰهِ، وَالصَّلَوْاتُ، وَالطَّيِّباتُ، السَّلاَمُ عَلَيْكَ أَيُّهَا النَّبِيُّ وَرَحْمَةُ اللّٰهِ وَبَرَكَاتُهُ، السَّلاَمُ عَلَيْنَا وَعَلَى عِبَادِ اللّٰهِ الصَّالِحِيْنَ، أَشْهَدُ أَنْ لاَ إِلَهَ إِلاَّ اللّٰهُ وَأَشْهَدُ أَنَّ مُحَمَّداً عَبْدُهُ وَرَسُوْلُهُ 


    Attahiyyaatu lillaahi wassalawaatu, wattayyibaatu, assalaamu 'alayka 'ayyuhan-Nabiyyu wa rahmatullaahi wa barakaatuhu, assalaamu 'alaynaa wa 'alaa 'ibaadillaahis-saaliheen. 'Ash-hadu 'an laa 'ilaaha 'illallaahu wa 'ash-hadu 'anna Muhammadan 'abduhu wa Rasooluhu.


    All greetings or salutation are for Allah, and all prayers and goodness. Peace be upon you, O Prophet, and the mercy of Allah and His blessings. Peace be upon us and upon the righteous slaves of Allah. I bear witness that there is none worthy of worship but Allah, and I bear witness that Muhammad is His slave and His Messenger.

    Some Hadiths on Tashahhud or Attahiyat 

    Narrated Ibn Mas`ud:

    Allah's Messenger (ﷺ) taught me the Tashahhud as he taught me a Surah from the Qur'an, while my hand was between his hands. (Tashahhud was) all the best compliments and the prayers and the good things are for Allah. Peace and Allah's Mercy and Blessings be on you, O Prophet! Peace be on us and on the pious slaves of Allah, I testify that none has the right to be worshipped but Allah, and I also testify that Muhammad is Allah's slave and His Apostle. (We used to recite this in the prayer) during the lifetime of the Prophet (ﷺ) , but when he had died, we used to say, "Peace be upon the Prophet."

    Sahih al-Bukhari 6265 {Sahih}


    Abdullah (b. Mas`ud) said:

    While observing prayer behind the Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) we used to recite: Peace be upon Allah, peace be upon so and so. One day the Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) said to us: Verily Allah is Himself Peace. When any one of you sits during the prayer, he should say: All services rendered by words, by acts of worship, and all good things are due to Allah. Peace be upon you, O Prophet, and Allah's mercy and blessings. Peace be upon us and upon Allah's upright servants, for when he says this it reaches every upright servant in the heavens and the earth. (And say further): I testify that there is no god but Allah and I testify that Muhammad is His servant and Messenger. Then he may choose any supplication which pleases him and offer it.

    Sahih Muslim 402 a {Sahih}


    Abdullah b. Zubair narrated on the authority of his father that when the Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) sat for supplication, i. e. tashahhud (blessing and supplication), he placed his right hand on his right thigh and his left hand on his left thigh, and pointed with his forefinger, and placed his thumb on his (milddle) finger, and covered his knee with the palm of his left hand.

    Sahih Muslim 579 b {Sahih}


    Narrated `Abdullah bin Malik bin Buhaina:

    Once Allah's Messenger (ﷺ) led us in the Zuhr prayer and got up (after the prostrations of the second rak`a) although he should have sat (for the Tashahhud). So at the end of the prayer, he prostrated twice while sitting (prostrations of Sahu).

    Sahih al-Bukhari 830 {Sahih}

    Frequently Asked Questions

    1.Which Salah or Namaz have four tashahhud?
    Ans- There is no Salah or Namaz which contains four tashahhud. 
    Rather, A Salah or Namaz basically have two Tashahhud, first in the second rakah and second in the last rakah of the prayer either the prayer is of three rakah or of four rakah.

    2.Is Tashahhud or Attahiyat a Surah of the Quran?
    Ans- No, Tashahhud or Attahiyat is not the Surah from the Quran.
    Read the first hadith which I mentioned above.

    3.What is said during At-Tashahhud?
    It contains salutation or greetings to The God (Allah) and sending peace and blessings upon The Prophet Mohammad(pbuh) and upon all the righteous slaves of Allah and is followed by two testimonials.

    And finally, Allah knows best.

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